Lecture Notes

Mantle Melting I

Melting and trace elements

Differentiation of Earth with simple phase diagrams

Trace element Modeling

Magma chamber box modeling

Crash course in radiogenic isotopes

Thermobarometry notes


Links to MELTS

Rhyolite-Melts for Excel

Melts Excel

Melts MacOSx



Homework 1.  Phase diagrams, olivine partitoining



Week 1.  Peridotites and peridotite melting


Boyd, F. R. Compositional distinction between oceanic and cratonic lithosphere. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 96, 15-26 (1989).

Canil, D. Mildly incompatible elements in peridotites and the origins of mantle lithosphere. Lithos 77, 375-393 (2004).

Carlson, R. W., Pearson, D. G. & James, D. E. Physical, chemical, and chronological characteristics of continental mantle. Rev. Geophys. 43, RG1001 (2005).

Hanson, G. N. & Langmuir, C. Modelling of major elements in mantle-melt systems using trace element approaches. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 42, 725-741 (1978).

Hellebrand, E., Snow, J. E., Dick, H. J. B. & Hofmann, A. W. Coupled major and trace elements as indicators of the extent of melting in mid-ocean-ridge peridotites. Nature 410, 677-681 (2001).

Johnson, K. T. M., Dick, H. J. B. & Shimizu, N. Melting in the oceanic upper mantle: an ion microprobe study of diopsides in abyssal peridotites. Journ. Geophys. Res. 95, 2661-2678 (1990).

Jordan, T. H. Composition and development of the continental tectosphere. Nature 274, 544-548 (1978).

Pearson, D. G. & Wittig, N. Formation of Archaean continental lithosphere and its diamonds: the root of the problem. J. Geol. Soc. London 165, 895-914 (2008).

Roeder, P. L. & Emslie, R. F. Olivine-liquid equilibrium. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 29, 275-289 (1970).

Walter, M. J. Melting of garnet peridotite and the origin of komatiite and depleted lithosphere. J. Petrol. 39, 29-60 (1998).


Week 2.  Peridotite thermobarometry

Week 3.  Mid-ocean ridge basalts

Week 4.  Subduction zone magmatism

Week 5.  Differentiation in subduction zones

Week 6.  Kinetics

Week 7.  Metamorphic phase equilibria